Dental implant procedure is a recommended solution for patients who have one or more missing teeth and damaged tooth. The procedure can be performed if the patient has good oral hygiene and sufficient bone in the jaw to support implants. Factors, that influance the effectiveness of the treatment are smoking, excessive alcohol intake, and periodontal gum disease. Gum disease has to be treated prior to implantation, since severe gum disease can cause jawbone loss.
Consultation and planning
During the first consultation, our oral surgeon or dental implant specialist will do a comprehensive dental exam, take a panoramic X-ray of the patient’s mouth and make a treatment plan. If the patient’s general condition and bone tissue are suitable for the dental implant procedure, the dentist will inform him/her about the steps of the treatment and the recovery period. In some cases additional examinations or CT scan has to be done to check bone mass.
During the 100% painless dental implantation procedure, the dental implant is placed in the jawbone. After the surgical procedure, the dentist will inform the patient about the next steps, including instructions for the healing period (necessary time for bone recover). If the patient doesn’t have sufficient bone tissue for dental implantation, a special dental surgical procedure called bone augmentation or bone graft is necessary to replace missing bone tissue.
After the procedure, during the next 3-6 months (healing time), the dental implant heals under the gum, i.e. the dental implant integrates into the jawbone. During this period the patient has to maintain perfect oral hygiene and take medications, on the basis of the dentist’s instructions.
There are many types of restoration on dental implants from simple solutions (single crown on one tooth implant or bridge on two dental implants) to full restorations (full bridge on 6-8 dental implants, All-on-4, fixed dentures).
If you have no teeth in the lower jaw and are not yet ready for multiple dental implant placements, a conventional lower denture can be replaced by a removable overdenture.
After the procedure, you may feel pain, and experience swelling and minimal bleeding. This is normal, but if any of these seem to be lasting longer than it should be, contact your dentist.
Proper oral hygiene is greatly contributes to the success of the dental implant treatment. Preserving and controlling oral hygiene is possible with the help of proper tooth brushing technique, soft toothbrush, flossing and regular dental check-ups. The appropriate technique means that the patient holds his/her toothbrush in a 45 degree angle, pointed toward the gum line, and uses gentle, circular motions. Flossing helps to remove plaque from those areas, what the toothbrush doesn’t completely reach.
After prosthetic procedure, the patient has to participate in a check-up examination at least yearly, in order to examine oral hygiene and the function and stability of the dental implant.
The dentist may take more X-rays during the follow-up visits. It is very important to see how the implant, abutment, and crown are fitting together.